A survey conducted by National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) indicated a rise in kidney stones cases in the U.S. Earlier in 1994, prevalence of kidney stones was found 1 in 20 person, whereas, in 2010 this figure reached to 1 in 11 person.
What Are Kidney Stones?
Kidney stones or nephrolithiasis are salt and mineral deposition in your kidney. They can impact any part of your urinary tract (kidney to bladder) and can be caused by several factors.
Usually, stones result from crystallization of minerals found in concentrated urine. Minerals stick together to form hard stones.
If kidneys stones are diagnosed in early stages, they can easily pass the system. Kidney stones generally don’t cause permanent damage, and can be discharged from the system with increased water intake and pain-meds. Although in cases where the stone is logged in the urinary tract, surgery may be required.
You might not even know that you have a kidney stone until it starts to move around in the urinary tract or reaches the ureter (tube connecting your kidneys to the bladder). When this starts to happen, you will experience the following symptoms:
- Pain near the rib cage, especially the side and back
- Severe pain in groin and abdomen area
- Fluctuating pain waves
- Pain during urination
- Urine changes color (pink, red, brown)
- Cloudy urine
- Foul-odor in urine
- Vomiting and nausea
- Feeling that your bladder is full
- Frequency and need of urination increases
- Chills and fever due to infection
- Frequency of urination increases, but quantity of urine has decreased
What Causes Kidney Stones?
There are multiple causes of kidney stones, but generally, it occurs when your body is running low on water. Make sure you drink 7-8 glasses of water every day. Lack of water in your body prevents dilution of acid and mineral content.
When kidneys process urine that is high in calcium, uric acid, and oxalate and is missing water to prevent crystallization of minerals, stones are formed. Creating an ideal environment for stone formation can be detrimental for other organs in your body.
There are 4 types of kidney stones that can further explain the causes behind their formation.
These stones result from a hereditary disorder. The kidneys excrete a little too much of cystinuria or amino acids that lead to stone formation.
Uric acid stones
People who drink less water, or lose too much of water content, consume high amounts of proteins, and suffer from gout, are likely to develop uric acid stones.
Urinary infection can also cause stones formation. They form quickly and grow at a fast rate.
Calcium stones are formed due to high level of calcium oxalate in your kidney. Oxalate is consumed via food and is also produced by the liver. People who have had a gastric bypass surgery, high vitamin D exposure, or have a metabolic disorder, have high level of calcium oxalate present in their bodies, making them prone to kidney stones.
Factors That Increase Risk Of Kidney Stones
- People with a family history of kidney stones
- Diets rich in sodium, phosphorus, protein and sugar
- People who have had a gastric bypass surgery
- Digestive disorder
See a urologist if you notice any symptoms and get your kidney stone treatment from a credible place in New York, like Metropolitan Lithotriptor Associates. We have some of the leading urologists in Queens, NYC.
Get reliable urological care at our state-of-the-art urology center specializing in shock wave lithotripsy, cryosurgery and BPH treatment.
Get in touch with the clinic today, if you are experiencing any of these signs or symptoms of kidney stones.