Kidney Stone and Nutrition

Kidney stones are among the top most prevalent health conditions in the United States. According to the National Kidney Foundation, more than half a million individuals go to emergency rooms due to kidney stones.  Both men and women can develop kidney stones at any point in life.

There are several different reasons why one can get kidney stones. Generally speaking, stones occur when the urine has large amounts of crystal-forming substances. These substances include oxalate, calcium, phosphorus and uric acid. At the same time, lack of substances that prevent crystals from sticking together can develop kidney stones.

Your diet has a significant effect on your physical and mental health. A balanced diet, along with sufficient amounts of water, can decrease your risk of developing several health conditions, including kidney stones. To prevent kidney stones, make sure you increase the intake of:


According to several studies, water can dilute the substances in urine that cause kidney stones. Many physicians recommend that individuals drink at least eight glasses of water a day. You can also add lemonade, orange juice and other citrus juices to your diet. Citrus juices comprise citrate that prevents the formation of kidney stones.

You need to understand that the amount of fluid needed differs from person to person. If you lose a lot of fluid due to sweat, you will require more than 6 to 8 glasses of water per day.


Lack of calcium can increase the oxalate levels, thereby contributing to kidney stones. Adding calcium-rich foods to your diet is an effective way to reduce your risk of developing stones.

If you are 50 or older, you need 1,000 milligrams of calcium per day. In addition to calcium, your body needs 800 to 1,000 international units of vitamin D. Vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium. Add yogurt, milk, cheese and calcium fortified foods (bread, cereal, etc.) to your daily diet.

Fruits and Vegetables

Fruits and vegetables are a vital part of diet. Citrus fruits, in particular, have proven to decrease urine acidity and the chances of developing calcium oxalate stones.

Plant-Based Protein

Last but not least, your diet should comprise plant-based foods, such as peas, beans, lentils, sunflower seeds, and more.

However, eating too much of red meat, eggs, poultry or animal protein foods can increase your uric acid levels and cause kidney stones.

If you are seeking kidney stone treatment, contact us.

Metropolitan Lithotriptor Associates specializes in providing a wide range of urological services In New York. We have vast experience and expertise in BPH therapy, shock wave lithotripsy, cryosurgery and several other urological services.

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